Bath Salts

What is Bath Salt?

“Bath salts” is a class of drugs that have synthetic chemicals related to cathinone. Cathinone is a stimulant found naturally in the khat plant, grown in East Africa and southern Arabia. These chemicals are similar to amphetamines and Ecstasy. Some of the most common cathinones found in bath salts include 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), mephedrone (Drone, Meph, or Meow Meow), and methylone.

Bath salts are usually white or brown crystal-like powder. Sometimes labeled as “plant food”—or, more recently, as “jewelry cleaner” or “phone screen cleaner”—they are sold online and in drug product stores. The synthetic cathinone products sold as “bath salts” should not be confused with products such as Epsom salts (the original bath salts) that people add to bathwater to help ease stress and relax muscles. Epsom salts are made of a mineral mixture of magnesium and sulfate.

What are some of the common street names of Bath Salt?

  • Bloom
  • Ivory Wave
  • Vanilla Sky
  • White Lightning
  • Red Dove
  • Cloud 9,
  • Cotton Cloud,
  • Snow Day
  • Ocean Snow

Why do people use bath salts?

Bath salts are chemically similar to amphetamines, cocaine, and MDMA. Therefore, some of the effects of bath salts are similar to stimulant drugs. These drugs raise the level of dopamine in brain circuits and make people feel good.

In general people use bath salts to:

  • get feelings of joy
  • get more energy
  • increased social interaction
  • increased their sex drive

What are the health risks related to bath salts?

There is a lot we still don’t know about how the different chemicals in bath salts affect the brain. User of bath salts might experience:

  • Paranoia
  • Nervousness
  • Hallucinations (see or hear things that are not real)
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Sweating
  • Anxiety or panic attacks
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chest pain
  • Delirium
  • Dehydration
  • Muscle spasms
  • Breakdown of muscles
  • Damage to kidneys
  • Intoxication
  • Overdose and death
  • Blood circulation problems (e.g., increased blood pressure)
  • Kidney failure
  • Seizures
  • Loss of bowel control
  • Hallucinations and delusions
  • Aggression
  • Agitation
  • Insomnia
  • Lack of appetite
  • Nosebleeds

Is bath salt addictive?

Yes. Research shows bath salts are highly addictive. Users have reported that the drugs cause an intense urge to use the drug again. Frequent use may cause tolerance, dependence, and strong withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug.

What are the withdrawal symptoms of bath salt?

Withdrawal symptoms may include:

  • anxiety
  • aggitations
  • tremors
  • depression
  • problems sleeping
  • paranoia

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